In Indonesia educations begins with six years of elementary school ( sekolah dasar, SD) followed by three years of middle school ( sekolah menengah pertama, SMP) followed by three years of high school ( sekolah menengah atas, SMA). Although the academic test shows the bad result for Indonesia, but there is a good news for the mental condition or students Indonesia. You stay at class during 5-7 hours at school and go out for less than forty five minutes of rest time. In 2005 the central government launched a massive plan known in English as the School Operation Fund that pumped billions of rupiah directly into schools. Indonesia has had the highest services, etc., value added > constant LCU since 1979. Henny Supolo, head of Yayasan Cahaya Guru, a teachers’ nonprofit foundation, said that from 2007 to 2010, the organization provided training to 4,500 teachers from 2,000 schools, an overwhelming majority of whom were female teachers from public schools. According to data from Ministry of Education in 2010 access to education in Indonesia still needs attention, more than 1.5 million children each year can not continue school. A contemporary literature in Bahasa Indonesia has developed. “Muslim schoolgirls now have to wear a jilbab,” Ms. Dewi said. Indonesia consists of hundreds of volcanic islands, making it prone to natural disasters such as hurricanes and earthquakes. The education system pushes the student to study a lot of exact science rather than the practical skill. The Portuguese,however, lost their dominance over the region to the Dutch. By 1961 the illiteracy rate had dropped to 40 percent from 95 percent in the 1940s and the number of universities increased from 4 to 25. Indonesia applies 9 years compulsory study 8. Indonesia facts and information including a basic history, maps and photos, statistics about education, religion, culture, and much more. According to UNICEF, 92.8 percent of girls and 92.7 percent of boys are enrolled in primary school. That is why you feel so bored at class. Universitas Gadjah Mada lays claim to being the oldest Indonesian university. Each student has the different ability to accept the material. [Source: Yenni Kwok, New York Times, June 15, 2014 ^+^], “About 400 kilometers, or 260 miles, away, in Yogyakarta, central Java, another parent, Tri Agus Susanto Siswowiharjo, says he would like to send his daughters to a public secondary school, but he, too, is worried that they would have to wear Islamic dress. 1. The highest illiteracy rates occurred in Papua (23 percent; rural 32 percent and urban 2 percent) and West Nusa Tenggara provinces (18 percent; rural 20 percent and urban 13 percent; Departemen Kesehatan, 2008). That is why we would like enlarge the 10 facts about education in Indonesia. As of the early 2000s, about 77 percent of the country's workforce had only graduated from elementary school. Indonesia is a country that is well known of the great number of natural resources. The uniform is aimed to manage the students so they can tidy up their self well. Tremendous progress was made toward the goal of universal education under Suharto. The ministry of Education also stated that 4 children dropped out from school every minute in Indonesia. For example, in the 1950s anyone completing a teacher-training program at the junior high school level could obtain a teacher’s certificate. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit. Surprisingly, while the middle economic people like to send their students to school at early age, there are still a million of teens and children could not continue their study. The drop out rate among poor teenagers doubled to 25 percent after the Asian economic crisis. In 2013, Indonesia ranked last in a landmark education report that measured literacy, test results, graduation rates and other key benchmarks in 50 nations. A number of students would rather learn art than study math or physics. ^+^, “The rise of Islamic practices in public schools, mirroring a rise in fundamentalism across the country, makes parents like Ms. Government programs have given resources to those who need help, and there are many positives in the list of Top 10 Facts About Hunger In Indonesia. In Indonesia, students mostly learn the exact science at school. [Source: Library of Congress *], Indonesia’s institutions of higher education have experienced dramatic growth since independence. Higher education has suffered from a lecture-based system, poor laboratories, a shortage of adequate textbooks in Indonesian, and a poor level of English-language proficiency, which keeps many students from using such foreign textbooks as are available. Mr. Tri Agus, a political communications lecturer at a rural-development college whose wife is Catholic, now sends his daughters to a private Catholic primary school. But they are not soldiers; they are educated professionals sent to remote corners of the archipelago to teach as volunteers in some of Indonesia's most impoverished schools. “Srivijaya” is considered the first of the known Indonesian kingdoms,lasting until about 1400 A.D. 2. This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been authorized by the copyright owner. Its beautiful nature and archipelago seems like become the invitation for a people abroad to visit Indonesia. [Source: Library of Congress *]. The recognition of honesty toward the student needs improvement. Now, Jakarta is a huge, modern city. There also are important regional universities in Sulawesi Selatan, Sumatera Utara, Jawa Barat, and Papua. Whereas tuition in such state institutions is more affordable for average students than private-university tuition, faculty salaries are low by international standards. Indonesia - Indonesia - Housing: In rural areas the floors of dwellings consist of pounded earth, concrete, or raised wood, while wooden framing supports walls of woven bamboo matting; the roofs are of dried palm fibre, tiles, or wood. Government funding struggled to keep up with rising costs during this period, but by 2002, according to the World Bank, only 2 percent of those between the ages of 15 and 24 could not read, and by 2009, the adult literacy rate was 90.4 percent. But the ministry’s spokesman, Ibnu Hamad, says the central government does not have powers to intervene. A onetime registration fee (which can be quite high) is determined at the time of entry. Lies and Mr. Tri Agus say they expect public schools to be neutral and to reflect the multicultural heritage of a country that recognizes six religions. Since the 1970s, however, primary-school teachers have been required to have graduated from a senior high school for teachers, and teachers of higher grades have been required to have completed a university-level education course. This article is written based on keynote presentation of the first author, Ali Nugraha, in the 2011 International Early Childhood Studies Conference: Current Issues in Early Childhood, 11-12 July 2011, in Indonesia University of Education (UPI), Bandung. The Portuguese arrived in Indonesia in the early 16thcentury, mainly for spices. These are also two of the most malarious provinces in Indonesia. The figure plummeted afterwards in part because parents needed their children to help bring in money. That is why there are so many changes in curriculum during 50 years. But, in the past 10 to 15 years, schools have increasingly adopted policies that favor Islam, the majority religion, ordering Muslim students to wear Muslim-styled uniforms either every day or at least on Fridays, when Muslims go to mosque. Indonesia is a vast equatorial archipeago of 17,000 islands extending 5,150 kilometers (3,200 miles) east to west, between the Indian and Pacific Oceans in Southeast Asia. Some schools also require Muslim students to recite verses from the Koran every morning before the lessons begin. “We are so nervous in facing social and moral problems like teen delinquency that we are turning to irrational religious teachings,” Ms. This constitutes 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. On February 2, 1950, in the wake of the war for independence, the government established a state university in Jakarta called Universiteit Indonesia. Interesting Facts About Indonesia Islamic schools are under the responsibility of the Ministry of Religious Affairs. Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world and has one of the highest literacy rates in Asia (females 93.59% and males 97.17%). Lies, wearing a jilbab was a symbol of resistance to Mr. Suharto’s iron-fisted rule. The best universities are mostly in Java. Because doctoral programs are few in Indonesia and there is little money to support education overseas, this situation is improving only slowly. [Source: CIA World Factbook], Twelve-year public and private primary and secondary education system; the first nine years mandatory. [Source: Angel Rabasa, Senior Policy Analyst, Rand Corporation, September 12, 2005 ^|^]. Children age six and older learned by rote its five principles—belief in one God, humanitarianism, national unity, democracy, and social justice—and were instructed daily to apply the meanings of this key national symbol to their lives. In the early years after independence education was given a high priority. 10 Reasons Why Learn Indonesian is Easier Than... Let’s Know the 4 Oldest Universities in Indonesia, 5 Best Christian Universities in Indonesia. Indonesia was formerly known as the Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East Indies). Questions or comments, e-mail ajhays98@yahoo.com, Education, Health, Energy, Transportation - Education in Indonesia. Today about 90 percent Indonesians can read and have a grade school education compared to less than 50 percent in the 1960s. Although he is a Muslim, he said he believed that religion belonged in the private sphere and should not be imposed. >> Basic Data of Indonesia . Taboo of Sex Education. Providing textbooks and other school equipment to Indonesia’s 37 million schoolchildren throughout the far-flung archipelago continues to be a significant problem as well, especially in more remote areas. Early sex education is a must nowadays. The first university was not opened until 1920. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Students have been political activists from the 1920s to the present. Opened in 1920, it was one of the first universities to open its doors to Indonesians. [Source: Library of Congress *]. Here are 25 facts that you might not know about Indonesia… Fact 1) Jakarta’s Gelora Bung Karno Stadium is one of the largest stadium in the world. “Wearing a jilbab should be voluntary,” said Ms. Retno, who wears one.” ^+^. 10 of 1973, initiated Indonesia's program of compulsory education and by 1984 the government of Indonesia had fully implemented the six year compulsory education for primary school age children (7-12 years). In the PISA rankings, Indonesian students’ scores in math, reading and science lag behind the average of their peers. Most religious schools emphasize Islamic values and thought. Thus, they send their children to musical school, mathematics school, or English course after school. Recognize Congklak, A Traditional Game From Indonesia. Those are ten facts of Education in Indonesia. Mass education became a major government priority for the next five decades. Indonesia also happens to possess the sixth worst inequality of wealth in the world. In Indonesia educations begins with six years of elementary school (sekolah dasar, SD) followed by three years of middle school (sekolah menengah pertama, SMP) followed by three years of high school (sekolah menengah atas, SMA) The system is supervised by the Ministry of National Education (which is respons… Such material is made available in an effort to advance understanding of country or topic discussed in the article. They substituted the guidelines to “compare various opinions” for the “Communist Party” in the section related to the September 1965 attempted coup. Bandung Institute of Technology (Institut Teknologi Bandung) is the top technical university. Public spending on education as a percentage of government expenditure rose from 11.5 percent in 2001 to about 17 percent in 2010, according to the United Nations. Education expenditures: 2.8 percent of GDP (2011), country comparison to the world: 143, Literacy (age 15 and over can read and write): total population: 92.8 percent; male: 95.6 percent; female: 90.1 percent (2011 est.). Discussion about how to improve Indonesian higher education focuses on the issues of teacher salaries, laboratory and research facilities, and professors’ qualifications. Adult literacy rate 90.4 percent in 2009. Instruction in Confucianism can also be offered as an option in state schools, although Confucianism is not a recognized religion. [Source: Library of Congress *], The character of Indonesia’s education system reflects the country’s diverse religious heritage, its struggle for a national identity, and the challenge of resource allocation in a poor but developing archipelagic nation with a population that is young (median age 27.6 years) and growing (at an estimated annual rate of about 1.1 percent) in 2009. In 1970, 450 private and state institutions enrolled about 237,000 students, and by 1990 there were 900 institutions with about 141,000 teachers and nearly 1.5 million students. Read also: Education Curicculum in Indonesia; Moral Education in Indonesia; 2. That is why they are categorized as the happiest students. Lies said. Education . From the late 1970s through the l990s, private schools and universities increased in number and quality and served diverse students (including Chinese Indonesians who were not accepted at government universities). Every student who belongs to any of the five recognized religions (Islam, Catholic Christianity, Protestant Christianity, Buddhism and Hinduism) is entitled to religious instruction in his or her religion (although a minimum number of students is required before instruction in a particular religion is provided). 245 million people live in Indonesia, and the majority are Muslims. In one school in eastern Jakarta, Muslim students spend 15 to 20 minutes reading the Koran every morning, guided through a public address system, said a teacher at the school, speaking on condition that neither she nor the school be identified, for fear of professional repercussions. Education curriculum in Indonesia has been changed several times. The Dutch limited education to an amount needed to fill positions in the civil service and society of the time. Based on Education Development Index reported by UNESCO in 2011, Indonesia is on the 69th position of its education development. *, Participants in Indonesia Mengajar, a programme funded by private corporations and run by prominent university educator Anies Baswedan, are given army survival training before being deployed. Indonesia is perfectly safe to visit as a tourist, so don’t let these scary Indonesia facts put your trip on hold. There is a shortage of qualified math, science and English teachers. It was since 2015 the government applied computer based test for national exam. In order to enhance the teachers’ knowledge of other religions, the general competence aims for the other religions are cited in the introduction to the curricula for every religion. They played a major role in the ouster of Suharto in 1998. It was founded in Yogyakarta on December 9, 1949, but was giving its first lectures in early 1946 (when Yogyakarta was the Republican capital). Elyazar, Simon I. Hay, and J. Kevin Baird, PMC Apr 13, 2011]. It is because they want their children to study early. Meanwhile the rate for the lack of teachers at city area is just 21 %. Sukarno studied civil engineering there and formed a study club that grew into the Indonesian Nationalist Party. The exact number of islands within Indonesia is a contentious issue as the World Factbook places the number at 17,508 while other reputable sources such as the National Institute of Aeronautics and Space place the number of islands within Indonesia's territory at 18,307. Hence, the Portuguese seized the Moluccas, the chief spice-producing region. Emboldened by decentralization, which began after the fall of the authoritarian regime of former President Suharto in 1998, local politicians have often pushed a populist, religiously inspired agenda, saying that it could counter social problems including teenage pregnancy and drug abuse. In 1950 there were 10 institutions of higher learning with a total of about 6,500 students. This level stood at 652,364 graduates at the end of academic year 2008–9. Among these is the State Muslim University (UIN)—formerly called the State Institute for Islamic Religion (IAIN)—which has been an important venue for progressive debates about Islam. The students will have no time to ask the answer to other students or even cheating. The high rate of dropped out children from school caused the low index quality education in Indonesia. Ministry of Education in Indonesia expects this system could be an effective way to remove cheating habits in Indonesia. The major academic degree programs are the sarjana (literally “scholar,” roughly corresponding to a bachelor’s degree) and the pasca sarjana (master’s or doctoral degree). Other major universities include Catholic University in Bandung and the Institut Pertanian Bogor, in Bogor. With over 50 million students and 2.6 million teachers in more than 250,000 schools, it is the third largest education system in the Asia region and the fourth largest in the world (behind only China, India and the United States). Term of Use | Privacy Policy | Adchoices | Disclaimer. Indonesia, officially known as Republic of Indonesia is a country located in the Southeast Asia comprising of 17,508 islands. It is not necessarily to go to preschool or higher education such as college—it is purely one’s decision and didn’t affect the education system itself. Approximately 15 percent of Indonesia’s students of higher education attend a public or private Islamic university, institute, academy, or polytechnic institute. Due to huge demand for spices in Europe at the time, profits could be made selling them. Higher education offered in 2,975 colleges, universities, and other tertiary institutions, with more than 4.2 million students. 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