The division of labor that arises from learning is an important general characteristic of connectionist models of learning. It comprises 7 papers by some of the foremost researchers in the field. It provides both a theoretical and practical reference to cognitive neuropsychological approaches for speech-language pathologists and therapists working with people with aphasia. N2 - The papers in this volume all examine the nature of spoken word production in aphasia, and how this can inform current theories of language processing. T1 - Cognitive neuropsychological approaches to spoken word production. The function-content distinction is present in the relative strengths of semantic and syntactic-sequential inputs. / Dell, Gary S.; Sullivan, Jason M. T1 - Speech Errors and Language Production, T2 - Neuropsychological and Connectionist Perspectives. While a cognitive neuropsychological approach is widely used in aphasia clinics throughout the UK and other countries to assess and treat people with aphasia, there is relatively little published information that is accessible to the speech and language therapist (or speech language pathologist) that explores the application of this approach. This influence can be modeled by interactive or feedback connections from phonological to word units. We are asserting the same for the function-content distinction. We examined two working hypotheses arising from Garrett's (1975) analysis of speech errors: the independent-levels and the function-content hypotheses. Background: The cognitive neuropsychological approach aims to describe aphasic disorders of word production by identifying the specific cognitive process(es) that are impaired in each individual. — 392 pages , ISBN: 1848721420 This is a second edition of the highly popular volume used by clinicians and students in the assessment and intervention of aphasia. The function-content distinction also becomes blurred through the application of connectionist principles (Gordon & Dell, 2003). ; Wilshire); the nature of the interaction between levels of processing (Goldrick & Rapp); and effects of different factors on naming (word class and context: Berndt, Burton, Haendiges & Mitchum; phonemic and orthographic cues: Best, Herbert, Hickin, Osborne & Howard); lexical stress: Howard & Smith). Neuropsychological Evaluations, Developmental Screening & Intellectual Testing Children’s Neuropsychological Services provides scientifically-based assessments and consultations for children, teens, and young adults, ages 2 to 24. Lemma selection is influenced by phonological information; such information is normally part of a later step in the process. A common approach is to distinguish between the fluent aphasias (where speech remains fluent, but content may be lacking, and the person may have difficulties understanding others), and the nonfluent aphasias (where speech is very halting and effortful, and may consist of just one or two words at a time). The opening section of the book outlines the cognitive neuropsychological approach, and explains how it can be applied to assessment and interpretation of language processing impairments. Today, these are much more than working hypotheses; they are part of the canon of psycholinguistics. Lemma selection is influenced by phonological information; such information is normally part of a later step in the process. Y1 - 2002. abstract = "The papers in this volume all examine the nature of spoken word production in aphasia, and how this can inform current theories of language processing. For example, the differing contributions of semantics to the reading of regular and irregularly spelled words can be explained by the cue competition in learning (Plaut, McClelland, Seidenberg, & Patterson, 1996). With regard to the independent-levels hypothesis, we argued that although these levels (or something like them) exist, they are not independent. Eleanor M. Saffran. Get Free Learning Disabilities And Brain Function A Neuropsychological Approach ... Broca's area deals with organization, production and the manipulation of language and speech. Commentary on Laine and Martin, “Cognitive neuropsychology has been, is, and will be significant to aphasiology”. Taken together this volume provides the reader with an insight into the cutting edge of research in spoken word production. The function-content distinction is present in the relative strengths of semantic and syntactic-sequential inputs. The function-content distinction also becomes blurred through the application of connectionist principles (Gordon & Dell, 2003). study of normal and pathological speech production has become highly specialised with an enormous proliferation of related publications in the neurological, neuropsychological and neurophysiological literature. Taken together this volume provides the reader with an insight into the cutting edge of research in spoken word production.". Together they form a unique fingerprint. 26, No. Dr. Greenwald also focuses on training our graduate students in the clinical challenges of aphasia treatment outcomes, patterns of spontaneous recovery in aphasia, acquired neurocognitive disorders, and research methods. A Cognitive Neuropsychological Approach to Assessment and Intervention in Aphasia : a clinician's guide.. [Anne Whitworth; Janet Webster; David Howard] -- This is a second edition of the highly popular volume used by clinicians and students in the assessment and intervention of aphasia. The impact of therapy on constrained sentence production is often considered, with some studies also looking at change in connected speech. Cognitive neuropsychological approaches to spoken word production. The syntax and semantics divide the labor of retrieving words in production, with prototypical function words associated with large syntactic and small semantic inputs and content words with the reverse. 1391-1396. In this case, the relevant principle involves learning how connection weights to lexical items are set in the course of learning to speak. In: Camurri A., Volpe G. (eds) Gesture-Based Communication in Human-Computer Interaction. (1998) Neuropsychological Rehabilitation 8: 143–154; l McCarthy and Warrington (1984) Brain 107: 463–485 (this test in itself is an index of speech production but also provides a reference for interpreting verbal working memory effects on phrase repetition) The interactive two-step model, in particular, offers an account of a variety of phenomena that may arise from interaction, while retaining the staged character of lexical access emphasized in discrete approaches. author = "Dell, {Gary S.} and Sullivan, {Jason M.}". ; Wilshire); the nature of the interaction between levels of processing (Goldrick & Rapp); and effects of different factors on naming (word class and context: Berndt, Burton, Haendiges & Mitchum; phonemic and orthographic cues: Best, Herbert, Hickin, Osborne & Howard); lexical stress: Howard & Smith). N2 - The papers in this volume all examine the nature of spoken word production in aphasia, and how this can inform current theories of language processing. The individual papers address a range of topical issues including the levels of processing in speech production (Lambon-Ralph, Moriarty, Sage et al. It comprises 7 papers by some of the foremost researchers in the field. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=36148929894&partnerID=8YFLogxK, UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=36148929894&partnerID=8YFLogxK, T3 - Psychology of Learning and Motivation - Advances in Research and Theory, BT - Psychology of Learning and Motivation - Advances in Research and Theory, Powered by Pure, Scopus & Elsevier Fingerprint Engine™ © 2021 Elsevier B.V, "We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content. We are asserting the same for the function-content distinction. Today, these are much more than working hypotheses; they are part of the canon of psycholinguistics. Get this from a library! ; Wilshire); the nature of the interaction between levels of processing (Goldrick & Rapp); and effects of different factors on naming (word class and context: Berndt, Burton, Haendiges & Mitchum; phonemic and orthographic cues: Best, Herbert, Hickin, Osborne & Howard); lexical stress: Howard & Smith). The interactive two-step model, in particular, offers an account of a variety of phenomena that may arise from interaction, while retaining the staged character of lexical access emphasized in discrete approaches. (Ed. A Cognitive Neuropsychological Approach to Assessment and Intervention in Aphasia: A Clinician's Guide Anne Whitworth. Dive into the research topics of 'Speech Errors and Language Production: Neuropsychological and Connectionist Perspectives'. To conclude, we note that Garrett's (1975) Learning and Motivation article is justifiably credited with bringing language production into experimental psychology. We are asserting the same for the function-content distinction. In the Plaut et al. series = "Psychology of Learning and Motivation - Advances in Research and Theory". It comprises 7 papers by some of the foremost researchers in the field. k Warrington et al. 44). This chapter presents an overview of the cognitive neuropsychological approaches to aphasia therapy. Taken together this volume provides the reader with an insight into the cutting edge of research in spoken word production. Future research holds much promise to provide further insights into the processes and mechanisms involved in speech production and their underlying neural mechanisms as ever-increasing sophisticated techniques become available for mapping lesions in neuropsychological studies and for examining the neural substrates of speech production in participants with and without lesions. Powered by Pure, Scopus & Elsevier Fingerprint Engine™ © 2021 Elsevier B.V. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content. The investigation was conducted in three stages: (i) confirmation of the basic results from a previous focussed-investigation of post-stroke fluency (Borovsky et al., 2007) – which represents a more “standard” approach to brain–behaviour correlation; (ii) decomposition of speech production measures using rotated PCA and identification of the neural correlates; and then, most importantly, (iii) … The thrust of this article, however, is that recent connectionist models of production blur Garrett's sharp distinctions. For example, the differing contributions of semantics to the reading of regular and irregularly spelled words can be explained by the cue competition in learning (Plaut, McClelland, Seidenberg, & Patterson, 1996). This approach is becoming increasingly influential in the assessment, investigation, and treatment of word production difficulties in aphasia. The three most widely applied aphasia therapy approaches are the communicative approach, the linguistic approach, and the cognitive approach. To conclude, we note that Garrett's (1975) Learning and Motivation article is justifiably credited with bringing language production into experimental psychology. The function-content distinction is present in the relative strengths of semantic and syntactic-sequential inputs. title = "Cognitive neuropsychological approaches to spoken word production". By considering DLD as a complex neuropsychological syndrome, whose successful treatment depends on a holistic approach to diagnosis and intervention, we may significantly increase the efficacy of speech therapy, and also better understand the flexibility of the developing brain, its compensatory mechanisms and hence the comorbidity of DLD with psychiatric symptoms. The treatment approach involved repeated rehearsal of individualized scripts via structured treatment with a clinician as well as intensive home practice with an audiovisual model using 'speech entrainment'. Functional Connectivity of Language Brain Areas in Perception of Speech Disfluency. To conclude, we note that Garrett's (1975) Learning and Motivation article is justifiably credited with bringing language production into experimental psychology. Results: In this paper a non-linear multi-task approach based on automatic speech analysis is presented. Garrett's study was not itself experimental, but by creating viable working hypotheses it inspired 30 years of research, both in and out of the laboratory. The syntax and semantics divide the labor of retrieving words in production, with prototypical function words associated with large syntactic and small semantic inputs and content words with the reverse. AB - We examined two working hypotheses arising from Garrett's (1975) analysis of speech errors: the independent-levels and the function-content hypotheses. Lemma selection is influenced by phonological information; such information is normally part of a later step in the process. N2 - We examined two working hypotheses arising from Garrett's (1975) analysis of speech errors: the independent-levels and the function-content hypotheses. (2012). The results show that word production, comprehension, and working memory deficits all contribute to nonfluency, in addition to syntactic impairment which has a strong and direct impact on fluency. Three most widely applied aphasia therapy the course of learning and Motivation - Advances in research and Theory: this... And will be significant to aphasiology ” series = `` 10.1016/S0079-7421 ( 03 44003-6. Some of the foremost researchers in the process ), Language intervention strategies in aphasia and related neurogenic disorders. 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